Majority rule

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Majority rule is a decision rule that selects one of two alternatives, based on which has more than half the votes. See the Wikipedia article on Majority rule.

It is the binary decision rule used most often in influential decision-making bodies, including the legislatures of many democratic nations. Some scholars have recommended against the use of majority rule, at least under certain circumstances, due to an ostensible trade-off between the benefits of majority rule and other values important to a democratic society. Most notably, it has been argued that majority rule might lead to a "tyranny of the majority," and the use of supermajoritarian rules and constitutional limits on government power have been recommended to mitigate these effects.

The Metagovernment project prefers consensus as a decision rule, and believes consensus can be fostered through heavy emphasis on synthesis.

Majority Rule might be used as a conditional last resort, given that:

  1. There is a consensus that a decision MUST be reached on a substantive issue, but
  2. No consensus can be reached on that issue

in which case the given ruling should be marked as tentative or guideline.